It’s not just a few Middle Class Women at risk when the Army can rape and abuse with impunity
In 2002 Law Professor Upendra Baxi stated that the political and government systems of India were Rape Culture. Baxi produces a detailed critique of how the governance and politics of India disenfranchise women, prevent them from being able to report sexual violence along with other crime, and concludes that this sets the stage for such violence to be a “perfect crime”. It does not require evidence to be suppressed, only that the victim have no recourse before the law.
“Rape culture signifies ways of doing party politics and managing governance in which brutal collective sexual assaults on women remain enclosed in contrived orders of impunity.“
He stated that he was obliged to speak out under the Indian Constitution which obliged citizens “to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women;” Baxi further said;
“The ‘strong’ state makes itself possible by lawless and unconstitutional exertions and endeavours. It fosters practices of national integration that remain deeply and pervasively human rights violative; it emerges for the minorities as an ‘institutionalized riot system’; it remains a – ‘state in search of a nation’ and embodies a resilient rape culture.“.
Baxi, Upendra (August 2002). “THE SECOND GUJARAT CATASTROPHE”. Economic and Political Weekly 37 (34): 3519–3531.
“Fundamental Duties prescribed by the Constitution of the nation under PART IV-A to its every citizen.”. Constitution of the nation. The Government Of India.
Sudarshan, edited by Zoya Hasan, E. Sridharan, R. (2002). India’s living constitution : ideas, practices, controversies. Delhi: Permanent Black. pp. 54. ISBN 978-8178240350.